Current Status &
Elemental in nature and essential for life, water serves as conduit between all lifeforms . For many communities , a daily laborious struggle for access and causal survival. It is suggested that by 2025, half of the world’s population will be living in water-stressed areas.
people lack even a basic drinking water service
A 2019 article investigating drinking water by the World Health Organization, points out that more than 785 million people lack even a basic drinking water service, including 144 million people who are dependent on surface water. Globally, at least 2 billion people use a drinking water source contaminated by faeces. Contaminated water and poor sanitation are linked to the transmission of diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid, and polio. Absent, inadequate, or inappropriately managed water and sanitation services expose individuals to preventable health risks.
people are estimated to die each year from diarrhoea
Alarmingly, some 829, 000 people are estimated to die each year from diarrhoea as a result of unsafe drinking water, sanitation, and hand hygiene. Yet diarrhoea is largely preventable, and the deaths of 297, 000 children aged under five years could be avoided each year if these risk factors were addressed. Although diarrhoea is the most widely known disease linked to contaminated food and water, in 2017 alone, over 220 million people required preventative treatment for schistosomiasis an acute and chronic disease caused by parasitic worms contracted through exposure to infested water. In many parts of the world, insects that live or breed in water carry and transmit diseases such as dengue fever. Some of these insects, known as vectors, breed in clean, rather than dirty water, and household drinking water containers can serve as breeding grounds.
of health care facilities have no water service
In least developed countries, 22% of health care facilities have no water service, 21% no sanitation service, and 22% no waste water management service. As a result, mortality rates increase for both patients and their front-line caretakers. Realising a symbiotic balance between accessible and safe drinking water is possible. Feasible through our collective efforts and yearning for humanity’s well-being. Quantifying economic suffering may be possible but measuring loss of life and the accompanying emotional heartbreak, is not.
water fit for human consumption
Humanity primarily labours to purify water fit for human consumption , a vocation characterized by physical, biological, chemical, and electromagnetic processes. An industry in perpetual evolution and an age-old mission to reduce the concentration of particulate matter including suspended particles, parasites, bacteria, algae, viruses, and fungi.
with the stringent standards set
Regulated by governments around the globe, water fit for human consumption ought to comply with the stringent standards set, whether surface or underground water, repurposed or produced. Faced by centuries of an expansive populous, imprudent agricultural practices, pollution at an industrial scale, and consequential climate change have left communities in desolation, governments, and industry scrambling for solutions many of which require vast capital investment, time, and political will. Elements often framed in scarcity itself.
Beyond socio-economic challenges, natural disaster management often calls for swift and meticulous action. A life-saving response encapsulated in wide-spread effective solutions with little to no infrastructure available in hard-hit areas. In addition, nearly all vulnerable communities across the globe not only suffer at the hand of inaccessible or poor water quality but lack access to electricity, a requirement to pump water and in many instances essential to the water purification process.
Furthermore, a large number of available water purification alternatives are chemical in nature with adverse and lasting health risks following prolonged use. Technical and intricate approaches often act as deterrent for many families.